Our Daily

B r e a d

Slked Thin by The E

Alex. H. Wnshburn'

Nq Rent Control

Soldier's Wife

What Shall She Do?

A soldier's wife made Ihis state-

ment lo The Star this morning be- fore it witness:

She and her husband have

Jived more than a year In a three-room unfurnished house

renting for $15 a month. Last Sunday the landlord noti-

fied them that the rent was being raised lo $25 a month.

Yesterday her husband was

_ inducted into the Army.

1$ Wlvit is she lo do?

I'll Icll you what I lold her. Offer Ihc landlord the same rcnl

she has been paying, in front of ii witness—and dare him lo cilhcr refuse Ihc money or attempt to evict her. n We owe the families of Hope's

service men somclhing more than mere lip service. We owe them fair and decent

treatment. Thai's our slalcd n.a lional policy. We haven't got rcnl control yet

f- —bul cilhcr we'll gel it or some I-' local reputations will suffer.

If this soldier's wife hears any

more about her particular rcnl controversy we'll print a few names in Ihc paper—and lei Ihc public be Ihc judge. There is something sinister it

O the fact lhat with all the Camdci naval arsenal territory blanketed by rcnl control, Hope remain

bracketed between Tcxarkana 01 the wesl and Prescotl on the eas as the only area lefl uncovered by Ihc federal government ,-i H is an indiclmcnl of all our '' local leadership and rcprcscnlalion.


Coddling Prisoners

Although many of the stories now

in circulation are false, it seems to be true thai we are- treating

O captured Germans with a gentle

consideration lhal is in marked con- Irasl with the way the Nazis have treated many of our men. In a scries of news-column arti-

cles from NEA Service it would appear that they arc particularly

("ii wcl contented; and the special silu- ' ation thai controls volunteers in

Italian Service Units was explained.

Provost Marshal. Gencr.al Lcrch

offers three arguments in justifi- calion of Ihc cxccllcnl care we give lo Ihcse prisoners:

<*i First, he says that Internationa " Red Cross agents report that, up to

the time Ihc Reich began falling apart under General Eisenhower s blows, the N,azis were living up lo their Geneva Convention obligations _ _

toward Americans and Britishers, ing.

-. however cruelly they Ircalcd other

1 -' nationalities. Second, he says that word of our kindness toward prisoners, reaching German troops, caused them to sur- render more readily and thus s.aved Allied lives. And finally;, he, points..:qut that ('"'Ihc Geneva Convenlion is the su- ' prcmc law of the land, and unlil il is amended he is duty-bound to administer it unwaveringly. There seems to be very strong

evidence thai Ihe Nazis, in many instances at le.ast, were nol living up to their Convenlion commit- ' mcnls even before we crossed Ihe

Rhine—lhat, in many cases, our men were nol gelling cilhcr Ihe food or Irealmcnl that Gct^ral Lcrch was told they were getting.

On the olhcr hand, there is evi- dence that, up to recently at least,

" we could have been considerably

more slricl wilh oul prisoncrs-of- war without offending the Geneva Convenlion and slill have made cap- tivity more attractive than belli- gerency lo any German bul a rabid party-man. But while American prisoners in

'--•' Germany did nol gel full benefit

of Geneva Convention rights, it seems that they really were fed better, trcalcd belter, in general, than any prisoners except perhaps Britons. There is evidence thai out surrender propaganda did nol fal on more willing cars because we were, perhaps, over-kind lo pris oners, and thereby more of oui sons, husbands, brothers, friends will come home.

Hope Star


Arkansas: Mostly cloudy this

afternoon, tonight, and Wednesday* scattered showers Wednesday and in northwest portion tonight, slight- ly warmer tonight.

46TH YEAR: VOL. 46—NO. 162

Star of Hooe. 1899: Press 1927. Oonsolidoted January 18, 1929.


Rebuff Won't Make Russia Quit Parley

UNITED NATIONS TODAY By The Associated Press Executive committee meets

10::)0 a. m., Pacific War. Time. Full conference meets 3:30 p. m., PWT, Secretary Stcllin- uis presiding.

San Francisco, May 1 —(/I 1) Word that Foreign Commissar Mol- olov soon may leave Ihc United Nations conference because of war development coincided loday wilh new big-four cfforls to draft man- agement dclails of this world meel-


solini and mistress Clara Petacci lie in Milam square after their execution. Armed partisans try to restrain the crowds. (NEA Tele- photo from Signal Corps Radiotelephoto).

the but

II was learned lhal Molotov's de- parture, expected any day, would not rcflecl displeasure wilh 1U" progress of Ihe conference, would be due entirely lo the wai situation. There have been reports that not only he but also Foreign Minister JSde.n,, ar.arcigsiT,«Ministci Vclloso of Brazil 'and other dclcga lion chiefs may have lo quil Ihe cily by mid-May.

Al present, however, it was saic Eden has no plans lo leave foi


By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER San Francisco, May 1 (/P)—The sling of a whiplash fighl over Ar gcnlina and Poland drove the Uml cd Nations toward a new contro versy loday over who should con Irol Ihe critical commissions an committees of the World Sccunl Conference,

This organizational problem nor-

mally might have gone through

with unity and good feelings on all sides. It appeared likely, hosvevcr, to intensify Ihe struggle for leader- ship between Ihc United Slales and Russia, which yeslcrday cost Ihe

Sovicl Union a dcfcal on bolh Ar- gcnlina and Poland. D ' '

of ihe'c'ontoroncc for Ihis or similar reasons despite constant specu- lation on her future course. The

$123,000 Worth of Land Sold by State Since January 1

Little Rock, May 1 —(#•)— Total cceipts from sale of slale lands urine the first four months of 045 were brought to $123,11517 by Vpril sales amounting to $28,23,5.29. late land Commissioner Claude

Rankin said Ihe April figure was pprpximalely $800 under March cccipls. Gen. Clark in Hot Pursuit of Fleeing Nazis

By HERBERT K I N G Rome, May 1 (UP) Gen eral Mark W. Clark's Allied armies in northern Italy today continued to slash through broken enemy ranks lowacd 'junctions*'., with. French, American, and. Yugoslav forces to the wesl, north, and east.

Fiftccnlh Army Group forces were within 139 miles of the Sev- enth American Army on the north, 22 1-2 miles from the French on the west, and less than 58 from the Yugoslavs.

"Troops of the 15th Army Group

continue to slash demoralized enemy forces throughout north Italy, said today's communique

reporting new gains to the north

Reds Observe May Day With Berlin Victory

London, May 1 OT— Victory-

flushed Soviet troops made a su- preme bid to deal the death blow lo flaming Berlin on Ihis May Day, In Ihc words of Marshal Stalin it was the "final assaull."

A Red victory banner floated

over the smoking ruins of the Reichstag, where Hillcr rose . to power from the ashes of the Reich- stag fire of 1933. Heinrich Himm- ler's ministry of the interior was in

Allies Land on Borneo, Say Australians

By RICHARD G. HARRIS Manila, May 1 (UP)— An Al- lied invasion of Borneo, Japan's biggest and richest island conquest n the Pacific, was announced by Australian government officials in Canberra today. A Canberra dispatch relayed to the United Press in Manila said Australian Treasurer J. B. Chifley announced the invasion of Borneo to the commonwealth legislature to day. Chifley said Australian troops

participated in the landing, indicat ing that American invasion forces also were involved. There was no immediate confir- mation at Gen. Douglas MacAr- thur's headquarters, but an earlier Tokyo broadcast said Allied troops were pouring ashore on the cast coast of the immensely-rich oil and rubber producing island in the

Dutch East Indies. The Japanese broadcast said the troops went ashore last night un der cover of a naval bombard- ment in the Tarakan area, 175 miles southwest of American bases at the southern end of the Sulu 'archipelago. . The Tarakan area is one of the largest oil centers in the East In- .dies. Tarakan itself, however, is a .comparatively small island in the Celebes sea several miles off the east coast of Borneo.

Tokyo said the invasion forces landed late at night and were en- gaged in "fierce combat" by the Japanese garrison. Although the reported invasion site was not

given, it presumably was in the wide delta area on the eastern shore opposite Tarakan. A previous landing attempt was made at noon yesterday, the broad- cast said, but was repulsed. Borneo, the world's third larg csl. island covering 392,000 square miles, and particularly Tarakan have been bombed repeatedly

Hiiler Dead, Nazis Announce; Churchill in New Peace Hint

Russian hands. Rod Army laid siege to the fuehrer's

troops under-

and cast.

Fifth Army troops, who were

Delegates generally seemed lo

cl that Russia would nol pull put

(Continued on PagcTwo)

Yanks at Edge of Okinawa's Capital City

By FRANK T R E M A I N E Guam. May I. ( U P ) Ameri- can Iroops swept within two miles (if Naha, capital of Okinawa, lo- day and brought its northeastern outpost of Shuri under direct lank fire. , . The two-pronged drive, support-

ed by an unceasing air-land - sea bombardment, was paced by the ''7lh Army Division which overran

* Machinato airfield and pushed inlo the strong Japanese defenses on the northern outskirts of Naha.

A front dispatch disclosed that

Sherman tanks of the 9Gth divi- sion, pushing down the center of the island shelling Shun, second

k city of Okinawa, three miles north-

east of Naha. The tanks, from a platoon com-

manded by Lt. Robert B. Lyons, Ordway Colo., were firing shells

into Shuri from a hill one mile north of the cily, the dispatch said. Elements of the Seventh division

'*! also continued to push clown tho

eastern coast and were reported closing in on Yanabaru airlield,

five miles across the island from

The Japanese still were fighting

bitterly from strong defenses ,, clustered around ihc capital, An ~ army spokesman estimaled that more than 1,000 Japanese wore kill- ed in southern Okinawa in the last 72 hours. The Japanese also were report

ud to have placed expert riflemei in strategic spots. One rcgnnenla

»• officer said the Japanese sharp shooters shot five American,

through the head with live shot last Saturday. . Tokyo radio meantime rcportei that American Supcrfortrcssc

raided Kyushu southernmost c Japan's home islands, for the Hit

*) consecutive day loday in a! tempt to neutralize the bases froi which the Japanese . have bee launching suicide aerial aUacKs o the Okinawa aicn.

meeting the only sliff rcsislance lorlh of Lake Garda, captured

Riva, Torbole, and Nago. Riva is 110 miles from the Brenner Pass, which the Germans were trying desperalely lo keep open lo let

Lhcir remnants escape inlo Ihc Ba- varian redoubt Seventh Army

forces in Austria were within 12 miles of Innsbruck, Ihc northern gateway, and 29 miles from the

pass itself.

Russians, it was learned, are still discussing conference plans of the weeks ahead. But pessimism about the prospects for unity among the big powers was at a new low. The situation was dramatically

spotlighted late yesterday. Foreign Commissar Molotov marched sternly lo Ihc speakers platform at a public session of the full confer- once lo demand a delay in inviting Argentina. Secretary Slcltinius mounted lo the same rostrum a

short time later to insist on im- mertialc and favorable action on Ihc Argentine bid. Slcllinius won for the United Slates on two counts: The confer- ence voted 28 lo (i against delaying action on inviting Argentina and 31 to 4 that the invitation be extended immediately. On the first question, Norway,

Now Zealand. Belgium, Czechoslo- vakia. Yugoslavia and Greece voted wilh Russia for noslponmcnl. On the second, only Czcchosovakia,

Yugoslavia and Greece voted with Russia againsl extending the invi- tation. , . , The American nations, having de-

cided their position previously, oted solidly for Argentina, and lo omc dclcgalcs. gloomy over the

ullook for regaining Ihc short-lived armony hero, it appeared thai the rst outlines of international blocs ere clearly discernible. An executive committee session ailed for loday was slaled lo tac- Ic the basic problem of conference

On the wcsl, French forces slash-

ing across the Italian frontier were reported only 22 1-2 miles from Turin, taken by 5lh Army troops yeslerday.

New Zealand troops of Ihc Eighth

Army hurdled the Piavc river and wore progressing well along Ihe

highway loward Trieste, 58 miles

ground fortress in the Tiergarten. The Russians were at the Bran- denburg gale, Berlin's triumphal arch, and across the Spree river, from Berlin's cathedral.

Die-hard German remnants were compressed in the center of the blazing inferno that is Berlin, stub- bornly -keeping slreet crossings under a murderous cross fire and "killing in the process the civilian population of the cily," a supple- mcnlary Moscow communique de- clared.

As a German broadcast conceded that the 11-day batle for the gut- ted capital was as good as lost Mar- shal Stalin in a special order of the day said the Russian people were celebrating May Day "under cpn- dilions of the victorious termination of the great patriolic war.1'

His triumphant announcement,

declaring that Soviet troops had "hoisted the banner of victory over Berlin," said the Germans had lost 1,000,000 men killed and 800,000 captured on the eastern front in the last three or four months. He said the Nazis also lost 6,000 planes,

12,000 tanks and 23,000 cannon. These latcsl figures raised Ger- man casualties announced by Mos- cow in less than four years of war

since Gen. Douglas MacAr- thur's American forces swept through Ihe Southern Philippines.

The Tawai Tawai base at the southern end of the Sulu archipela- go is only 30 miles from the north- cast corner of Borneo while Ameri- can controlled Palawan, in the southwestern Philippines, is but 180 miles from the northwest cor- ner.

Borneo, with a population of ap- proximately 2,300,000, is 325 miles east of Ihe Malay peninsula, 550 niles soulheasl of French Indo-

China and is flanked around Ihe sbulh by Sumatra, Java and Celc- ies. " •• "

Its oil, rubber and other-natural

resources were vastly exploited by the Japanese, although enemy ac- cess to Borneo has been virtually cul off by MacArthur's aerial blockade of the China Seas. Oil production on Borneo amounted to nearly 1,700,OOQ_tons annually.

Allowances for Teachers Not to Feel Court Ruling

Little Rock, May 1 —(/P)— Dc- lerminalion of school district al- lowances for teacher salaries by the state board of education since 1943 will not be affected by yester- day's supreme courl ruling, H. R. Pylc, supervisor of Ihc budgel divi- sion of Ihe Educalion department,

The high tribunal ruled that the board could nol make special ex-


TODAY'S WAR MAP—Allied push covers the entire European

front, with the Allies taking Milan and Venice in the south and reportedly jiinctioning near Linz in the central sector and Reds driving on Rostock above Stettin in the north. (NEA Telemap).

lo a tolal of 11,540,000, The lasl assaull is on. Ihc

A communique from Marshal Tito's headquarters reported that Yugoslav forces still were battling the Germans in Ihe slrecls of the Italian port city. Street- fighting also was reported in Flume, where Tito claimed the German 188th and 237lh Divisions were surrounded and in Ihe process of being dc-


Russian leader said, as Sovicl troops began ripping Nazi defend- ers of the capilal inlo Iwo isolated pockets, each less than nine miles square. Olhcr victories were being scored

far to the south. The Fourth Uk- rainian Army of Gen. Andrei I. Ycremcnko seized Moravska-Oslra- va, vitaj war center known as "the Pittsburgh of Cavalry of the Army plunged through the Morava

(Continued on Page Two)

Czechoslovakia." Second Urkian

ceptions in determining the per- centage of a school district's re- venues to be allocated to teacher salaries even in cases of abnormal revenue increases. The 1941 teach- er salary act provided that not less than 75 per ccnl of all revenue rc- ccipls above 1941 base revenue

should be assigned lo teachers

salaries. Pyle said the 1943 legislature

amended the act lo granl Ihc board authority to allow reasonable ad- justments lo districts with abnor- mal revenues during a year.

The model for Leonardo da

Vinci's "Mona Lisa" is said to have been Isabella D'Estc, Ihc

marchioness of Manilla.

Patton Rolls Near Reds on Austrian Soil

By AUSTIN BEALMEAR Paris, May 1 UP)— Gen. Pat- ton's Third Army express drove 25 miles out of its Isar bridgehead to- day and reached the Inn river in the vicinity of Braunau, Adolf Hit- ler's birthplace on the Austrian-Ba- varian border.

Wilh armored columns rolling in every seclor along a 100-mile front, Pallon's Iroops converged on Linz, Austrian industrial cily 55 miles from lasl reported positions of Rus- sian troops west of Vienna in the Danube valley.

Elements of Ihe llth Armored Di-

vision drove to Mayrhof, 18 miles northwest of Linz, and other col- umns of Ihc division entered Lem- bach and Oepping, 21 and 24 miles northwest of the city.

The llth Armored in the Brau-

nau area was 30 miles from Salz- burg, one of the chief cities in the reported Nazi redoubt, and was only a lillle over 40 miles from Bcrchlcsgaden, Killer's mountian retro til Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's

Seventh army captured Munich and plunged toward Innsbruck and Ihe Brenner Pass.

Swede Silent

as to Parley With Germans

By DANIEL DeLUCE Stockholm, May 1 —(/P)— Count Folkc Bernadotte conferred today with Erik Boheman, undersecre- tary of state in the Swedish foreign office, following a quick flight from Copenhagen, Denmark.

The Swedish nobleman had re-

fused to say, upon arriving here, whether he had brought from Den- mark a new communication from Heinrich Himmlor, German Gesta- po chieftain.

The Allies have rejected one

Himmler offer ro capitulalc ^be- cause it was addressed only to Brit- ain and the United Stales and dad not include Soviet Russia.

There were no signs as yet that Bernadotle had made a conlacl wilh Allied rcpresenlalives here, but it was most likely this would be done through the Swedish for- eign office. Boheman has been undersecretary of stale for seven years and is the newly appointed

London, May 1 (/P)— The Gcr man radio announced tonight Hit- ler is dead. . . . . , The Hamburg radio broadcast

the announcement. The radio broadcast a statement

from Doenitz in which he said "My first task will be to save Germany from the advancing Bolsheviks. Only for this do we continue the

"Give me your confidence," Doe-

nitz appealed to the German peo- pie. "Keep calm and be disciplined. Only in that way will we be able to stave off defeat." . The broadcast said Admiral Karl Doenitz, commander of the Ger- man fleet, was'Hitler's successor. The.^Hamburg radio said Hitler died this afternoon. "At the Fuehrer's headquarters it, is reported that our Fuehrer Adolf Hitler.has fallen this afternoon in his command post at the Reichs chancellery, fighting up to his last breath against Bolshevism," said the announcement. . The announcement said Hitler had appointed Doenitz April 30 (yes terday) as his successor. The broadcast came approxi- mately an hour after the Hamburg radio had told its listeners that it would shortly have a grave and im- portant announcement. "German men and women, sol- diers of the German army, our Fuehrer Adolf Hitler has fallen," Doenitz announced dramatically. "With deepest sorrow and rever- ence the German people bows. "He had recognized the horrible danger of Bolshevism very early and consecrated his existence to the fight against it. At the end of this his struggle and of his straight and unerring road he died a hero's death in the capital of the German Reich. "His life was entirely given-to the service of Germany. His strug- gle against the Bolshevist storm floods was, furthermore, not only for Europe, but for the entire civil- ized world. The Fuehrer has ap- pointed me to be his successor. Fully conscious of the responsibil- ity, I take over the leadership, ol the German people in the afteful hour."

By LEWIS HAWKINS .London, May 1 tfP)— Prime Minister Churchill hinted today that announcement .of peace in Europe. might 'conwilkbBftJre Saturday,"-'bUt told a packed House of Commons that he had no statement at this time. He answered questions in the House as Swedish Count Folkc Ber- nadotte conferred in Stockholm with Erik Boheman, undersecre- tary of state in the Swedish foreign office, after a quick flight from Copenhagen. Bernadotle refused to tell news- men whether he had brought a new message from Heinrich Himm- ler. There were no signs that the Swedish Red Cross official had made a contact with Allied repre- senlalives in Stockholm, but such contact most likely would he estab- lished through the Swedish foreign office. Replying to a member's ques- tion, Churchill declared "I have no special statement to make on the war position in Europe except that it is definitely more satisfactory than it was at this time five years ago." Then he added he might make a brief announcement later this week, but "only if information of exceptional importance readies


minister to France.

Bernadotte appeared confident

raani/.ation. The plan approved

u'llcd for four commissions on the rincipies. security council, assem- ijy and court of the proposed world rganization. The 12 committees are supposed

o work as sub-units of these com- nissions. The executive committee of 14

lations has the job of picking the delegates who will hold the 16 com- nission and committee chairman- ships. Ths selections must then be approved by the steering commil- ee of all 46 nations and finally by the full conference sion.

in public ses-

The plan of the big-four Rus-

sia the United Stales, China and Britain has been thai Ihc chair- manships should go lo nations other than themselves. However, it has been expected particularly leadership, that the big powers, those competing for would seek as far as possible to assure themselves of an even break the number of chairmanships

Red River Flood Control Is Proposed

Washington, May 1 (/P)— Con- gress was asked Monday by Sena- tor Overtoil (D-La) to authorize a $24,000,000 program for emergency flood relief by the War and Agri- culture Departments. In a bill, he proposed these three steps lo repair recent flood damage in Louisiana. Texas, Arkansas and along the Ohio and Missouri rivers: Authorization of $12,000,000 to re- store levees and flood protection works, allowing army engineers lo begin immediate work. Loans and grants by the secre- tary of agriculture to farmers

whose property is destroyed or damaged by floods and wind storms in 1945. Overtoil estimaled $12,000,- 000 would be available for Ihis pro- gram. Priorities for farmers to re- place and repair farm machinery damaged by floods. Overtoil, who declared in a state- ment that he will urge prompt ac- tion on Ihe measure, said ils funds would apply to these rivers: The Red and ils tributaries, the Sa bine, Arkansas, White, Missouri

Trinity, Nechcs and the Ohio and its tributaries. The War Production Board, Over

Ion said, has granted lo Ihc Ameri can Red Cross priority ratings fo materials needed in rebuilding anc repair work, and, with the Wa Food Adi-ministration has nskec manufactures lo ship addiliona

Germans Would Like to Do Business With Yanks, But the Army's Answer Is Stout 'No7

which gu to nations most friendly lo them. Thus Russia would favor getting an important assignment to Yugoslavia rather than to one the American countries.


farm machinery lo Louisiana. Applications for new farm equip- ment, the senator said, should be made through the district WPB of- fice in New Orleans and "will be speedily handled."

By WADE W E R N E R (Substituting For Hal Boyle) Wiesbaden Germany (IP) Hope or wishful thinking is tirring again among the vanquish- d Germans of Wiesbaden, once*an ntcrnationally popular heallh and ecrealion resort. One gets the impression that the ity would like to be to the Ameri- ans what Paris wtis to her Ger- man conquerors. The Germans

pent money freely in Paris and lad a good time while il lasted; nany Wiesbadencrs frankly arc

iqping Ihe Americans will do like- wise here. Enterprising citizens have asked

he milietary government for pcrmr sion to open night spots for Ameri- can officers and soldiers. One ambitious promoter submit- led an elaborate prospcclus for the cslablishmenl of a Yank shopping and entertainment center, with bars, shops, restaurants, laundrj and cleaning establishment, J

even a theater.

A constant stream of proposals for doing business with the Yanks flows across the desk of Maj. R. S Fellows of Manchester (stale no given i. the AMG cxeculive officer All arc rejected. It seems difficult to make the peo pie realize lhat the occupation thi lime is based on a policy cntirclj different than lhal of World War I The town may grasp the idc when the Red Cross starts opcrat ing Wiesbaden's great Kurhaus once an entertainment center fo the 200,000 visitors who came her vearlv. The Kurhaus will be a rcc

rcation center for Gl s. Sonic parts of it have been badly battered and burned the ornate concert hall, now a roofless wreck, joks like a Roman ruin bul

lenly of undamaged space rc- lains for the Red Cross' lounges, afes, movies and dances. The dances will conform.

Allied armies had overrun all

Southern Germany except the southeast corner of Bavaria and now were sending their tanks and infantry into Austria and Czecho- slovakia. Far to the north, American air-

borne troops and the British Sec- ond army linked up beyond the Elbe in a solid bridgehead 20 miles wide and 12 miles deep

which threatened imminently to cut off Schleswig-Holslein and Den- mark. This could carve the north- ern redoubt in two. . In 'the center, the corridor be-

tween Germans in the south and north was widened steadily by ad- ditional conlacts belween the Rus- sians and American armies. Seventh Army infantry crossed

the Austrian frontier and captured Schwarnitz, ten miles from nns- bruck and 15 from the Brenner

and was smiling broadly when he alighted this morning.

He was asked lo confirm a re- port that he was carrying a second message from the Gestapo chief. His only reply was: "Good morn-

He continued: 'Should information of Import-


Pass. Patton's llth Armored Division


ourse, to the non-fraternization

ule. Many Wiesbaden girls would kc to at'lend, bul that's stnclly aboo The 90 WACs slalioned here re likely lo be popular when some ,000 soldiers beg.an looking for

ance partners. The Red Cross already has an

>ffer of music by a 60-picce band— jffcred by the bandleader, a Bel- gian who has been living here for several years. . The AMG has no objection to Ocr- nans operating retail establish- ments to serve Germans. Many shops and some restaurants have reopened but food is stnclly ra- tioned and placards on restaurant doors warn the customers to "bring your own knife and fork.' A millinery shop is operating and hairdressers again are doing women's hair. Wiesbaden was damaged onl>

lightly compared with most uer man cities. And much of the dam age is now effectively screened b> the new foliage of spring.

In the holels slill operating one still sees the city's tourist Promo- tion slogan "age-old healing power, eternally youthful beauty. It is a slogan that Wiesbadeners want desperately now to keep on believing.

crossed the Auslrian border in force al Oberkappel, 27 miles northwest of Linz a city which the Ger- nans said was being approached jy the Russians from wesl of vien la. A mecling would hem in Czech- oslovakia and Irap all the Germans n Bohemia and Moravia. Reporls persisted at icadquarters lhal Ihe

The Free Danish underground earlier had reported all night con- ferences belween Danish and Ger- man represenlatives in which Bern- adotle paiiicipaled. The .confer- ences were said to have dealth wilh a German withdrawal from Den- mark, and such a move would be looked upon in some quarters here as the prelude lo a German sur- render lo the three Allied powers. Horthy, Ex Hungarian Chief, Taken

By HOWARD COWAN Wilh Ihe U. S. Seventh Army. a ul

May 1 </P)— Admiral Nicholas lm.ough lne BBC. TJ~,.4U,, (•„,.,„„„ Utiticrar an rfffpllt. v 6 , V,\ _ _ : j r.

supreme Germans

nighl be expected at any moment lo acccpl Ihe Uniled Nalions de- mand for unconditional surrender.

ancc reach His Mastery's govern menls during the four days of our sillings this week as it might do —I will ask Mr. Speaker's permis- sion to ask the indulgence of the House to interrupt business and make a brief announcement." The implication that peace might come before the House rises for the week on Friday evening was the nearest to a prediction that Church- ill ever permitted himself. "Of course," he said, "I shall make no statement here thai is not in accord with the statement which will be made by our Allies," ex- plaining such announcements

would be made only after consult- ing military commanders in differ- ent theaters. The prime minister said he did

not consider that the information in "a major message" reaching the government should be withheld "until the exact occupalion of all the particular zones was achieved. Tfte movement of troops and the surrender of enemy, troops . may both take an appreciable period of lime." , , ,, "Good news will nol be delayed^ he said in answer to Lady Astor i; question whether, if peace 'news came while the House was ad- journed, he would hold il until Com- mons sal, or would release it

Horthy, former Hungarian regent, and his family were found at a casllc al Weilheim, south of the Ammcr See and 25 miles southwest

Churchill said frankly that he »x- pecled Iwo-day celebrations to

begin immediately after a "cease order is given, and that the ,. ,

of Munich, today and were taken ,.eason instructions were being is- inlo protective custody by U. b. sued tonignl was to insure that suf- sfith Division troons. I fjcjent preparations were made for

«'vni»iitvmm siaffs" in evei'v de-

36th Division troops.

(A British radio broadcast heard

mand * W 4 U I I V . W t ) M * v . v . . - - The British in the north caplured

(Conlinued on Page Two;

. «> <P

Lt. P. McCormick Back in States From Nazi Prison

First Lt. Paul W. McCormick, of

Spring Hill, reported missing in ac- tion since September 13, 1944, and a prisoner of Ihe Germans since January 1945. arrived in Ihc Uniled Slates Sunday, April 29, the fam- ily have been advised. Lt McCormick was woundec

when shol down over Germany and taken prisoner. Bolh legs were

31HeClanded on the East Coast Sun day.

by OWI said German Field Marshal partment, including stores and gov- Ewald Von Kleisl, retired, had been eminent offices. . , , captured by the Allies in the last The prime minister indicated a ew days.) peace announcement not only The 77-year old ex-ruler was re- might precede final surrenders, bul

sorted to be in good health. He was thai such surrenders migU nol be al Waldbichl castle worth an additional announcement. d Two Gennan field marshal-Wil- -It .is by no means certain^

icim Lisl and Wilhelm Riller Von this time thai complete sun Leeb were also caplured by Sev- of all the enemy s forces will enth A %r'nTy C t?oo°psCaPtUred * - I uie"subject of'a future announce-

Lisl was in civilian clothes. He ment he said. __

A'r'mo^VftsloHn hVti^a'l UoTihCo/Hlmmlei-'s flr.t surrender Pai-lenkirchcn. He said he was re- | °\™r iieved in 1942 for refusal lo make ° an attack at Stalingrad. He said the atlack would have been suici-

States and Brit- j one which the

is widely believed to ' the gov- only to

Both marshals took major parts


«.H0« STAR, Hope, Afk., Tuesdoy, Moy 1, 1945 They Still Like Hiflef

' Anger Is Roused to

Boiling Point by llth Hour Atrocities of the Germons


' Associated Press War Analyst German atrocities and more German atrocities!'

'"Every hour adds to the record of

$fazi infamy as that unholy ism sinks in defeat.'Small wonder then tllftt much of my reader mail has to do with Hitlerite savagery, which has Sent Allied tempers over the tjbiimg1 point, and 'among the letters is one from ah editor on a southern newspaper, who writes: "Jjuimg my long service I have never read of anything to compare with the inhuman things being done to the poor victims that have fallen into these bastards' hands. It might be ap Un-Christian way to look at h, but I believe one of the most just punishments for the German race would be to sterilize every male and female left so there would be no more Germans to rise up in twenty-five or thirty years to start tuiolher World War."

Another editor proposes that a large 'riumber of substantial citi- zens of Germany, with their fami- lies, be Uprooted and be distributed around the world in countries need- ing immigrants. He would substi- tute for them in Germany an equal number of citizens of other coun- tries who would be given sufficient economic assistance to make the transfer attractive.

This second editor makes the

pcunt that the Germans are danger- ous when massed because they are susceptible to regimentation. When they 'emigrate htey become usful citizens. He also believes that the introduction of foreign blood into the Reich would have a beneficial effept on the race.

These drastic suggestions likely .will evoke sympathetic Xihderstand- ' ing.: in the average mind, for one hears, widespread expression of the Wish, that in some way Germany might be rendered impotent to do further harm. However, the cqnsen- sqs of the Allied chiefs seems to be that the only feasible way to re- form ,the Beich is by a process of intensive education.

Of course, such a program pre- sents mountainous problems, and another editor —this time from the Middle West writes to ask:

"Now assuming that every Ger- man with enough intelligence or courage to oppose Hitler has long since been liquidated, is st not fail- to assume that the vast majority Of Germans left under the fuehrer are too completely debased to ac- cept Allied tutelage? Is it ever pos- sible to educate anyone at the point of a bayonet?"

Well, . we can say at once that

you can't do a successful job of ref-

pn at the point of a bayonet. gaiy, too, it 'will require the est possible skill to make any educational program succeed, even if the big stick is kept discreetly out of sight.

! However, it strikes me that in

this idea of education lies our only

, hope. I believe we can make it

work if we go at it the right way. . As remarked in this column the other day. Hitler has taught the

world whvt can be don£ by intens- 1 ive education.' In lelss than a decade 1 he, completely charged' the -nature

of most young folK of Germany, and even swung a host pf the older people into line.

achieved this in the case of

th,e children and youth by taking oyer their education altogether. He largely eliminated parental arid church, influence. He substituted pa- ganism for religion and thus creat- ed a rnentaljty that accepted the aggression and atrocities which he perpetrated. Destruction of re- ligious beliefs in the young mind gave him his greatest strength. If Hitler ca.n change human na- ture, others can dp U. The A}lied prpblei|n; wjll be to dispover the

right method of approach. Educa- tion, at the hands of foreign con- querors might not be successf\il, \vhereas right-minded German edu- cators sympathetic with the Al- lied airn of helping their country— might succeed. This vyjl} be one of ihe greatest test of ingenuity which the Allies will encounter in war planning. post-

r-, you suffer from bot flashes,

a tl i blus at ttn»ea-flue to the tuwl' tiousjl "jnUldle-sge" pertod peculiar to v.-oinen—ttj^fcla great jnecUcjliie—Lsw

\JB5J9 •5*Sffi;L t*'3. w*e °*

Hope Star

Star of Hope, 1899; Press 1927, Consolidated January 18, 1929.

Published every weekday

afternoon by

Star Publishing Co., Inc.

.(C. E. Palmer and ' Alex H. Washburn) at lh,e Star building,

212-214 'Soiith Walnut Street,

Hope,i Ark.

C. E. PALMER, President


Editor and Publisher

Entered as second class matter i at the Post Office at Hope, Ar-l

kansas, under the Act of March 3, 1897.


(JP)—Means Associated Press. (NEA)—Means Newspaper En- terprise Ass'n.

Subscription Rate (Always Pay-' able in Advance): By city carrier' per week 15c: Hempstead, Nevada, I Howard, Miller and Lafayette! counties, $3.50 per year; elsewhere $6.50.

(Signal Corps Photo from NEA)

Only 14 and 15 years old, the German soldiers in foreground, above, still believed Hitler would make Germany win the war, as they stood with hands raised in surrender. Looking them over it MP Pvt. Herbert Norman of Farmville, N. C., who captured them when their ammunition ran out

He's with the First Allied Airborne Army's 194th Infantry Regiment.

Member of The Associated Press: I The Associated Press is exclusively I entitled lo Ihe use for republication j of all news dispalches credited to! it OB not otherwise credited in this i paper and also the local news pub-! Ifsne'd herein. i

National Advertising Represen-!

tative Arkansas Dallies, Inc.; i

Memphis, Tenn., Sterick Building;

Fighting May Be Over for Some of Veteran American Divisions With Two Armies


Jan- Washington, April 30 —(UP)—-

For some veteran U. S. Divisions. |